Machu Picchu

   The ancient city of Machu Picchu is located at an altitude in the Cusco region of Peru. Inspired by the ancient Inca civilization, the city was able to preserve its splendor because the Spanish people could not find it despite occupying Peru in the 16th century. Machu Picchu remained in the darkness of oblivion until the late 20th century. In 1983, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage.
   At the time of the two Incas, the city was designed as a mountain sanctuary: Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (1438 ñ 71) and Tupac Inca Yupanqui (1472 ñ 93), which occupied the Spanish Inca Empire a century ago. In 1532, all the inhabitants mysteriously disappeared. It is true that at the time, the Spanish conquered the land, but many historians believe that from smallpox, a large number of inhabitants died before a disease brought there by travelers.
   Machu Picchu or "Lost City of Incas" cannot be described as a large city for its small size. It had about 200 buildings, most of which were warehouses, temples, houses and administrative buildings. Most of the buildings were made of well-crafted stone blocks. There were about 1,200 people living in the city and suburbs and they all worshiped the Sun God. Most of the residents were farmers, who planted grain on the surrounding roofs.
machu picchu elevation
   The city was forgotten for more than 400 years, until 1911, when the ancient archaeologist was discovered by the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham, accompanied by his guards and a boy who guided him. At first, he assumed that he had found the ruins of the great city of Vilcamba, which was highly sought after by the Spanish as the Incas were buried in their gold.
   Machu Picchu has a well-defined structure. It is located in the Andes of Peru, 70 km from Cusco and 600 meters above the Urumba Valley, also known as the Sacred Valley of the Incas. The walls were made of stone brick, weighing 50 tons. They were processed and merged so well and so accurately that no knife blades could pass through them.

Up above

Machu Picchu is situated at an altitude of 2,430 meters above sea level. You can reach here by trekking. There are many trekking routes to reach this city. Only 500 people (300 of which carry luggage and guides) are allowed on a four-day Machu Picchu trek. So make your plan in advance.

Base camp

You will get an idea of ​​its ancient splendor by looking at Cusco's town, the base camp of Machu Picchu. Cusco has been declared the tourism capital of Peru and the cultural capital of the country. Here you will find many eateries serving wonderful dishes of Peru. Apart from this, Cusco is full of sites of historical importance.

Alternative route

After two days trekking from the base camp Cusco, you will reach the ruins of choquequirao. Now it has been divided into 12 sectors. This place is surrounded by samples of architecture and art of the Inca civilization. From here you can have a panoramic view of the valley.

When to go

If you want to see every aspect of the matchless beauty of Machu Picchu, then plan to go here between April to October. Then the weather is pleasant and the sky is clear. Avoid visiting between June and August, as it is peak season. During this time there is a huge crowd of tourists.

Machu Picchu Map

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